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Myanmar & Map

About Myanmar

Myanmar, also known as Burma, is “The Golden Land”, or “The Land of Pagodas”. Its rich cultural heritage, exotic attractions, shimmering temples, and the warmth and courtesy of its people make it a favourite destination worldwide for tourism. It offers huge geographical diversity, with snow-capped mountains in the far north, the cool and scenic Shan plateau in the east and the majestic Ayeyarwaddy River winding through the arid central plains around Bagan and Mandalay. It also boasts unspoilt beaches, picturesque natural lakes and archipelagoes in the west, along the stunning coastline of Rakhine State & Tanintharyee. This ancient country and culture has only recently started opening up to the world to share with visitors the beauty that has been hidden for so long..

Geography

Myanmar is the largest country in South East Asia, bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. It stretches over 2000km from north to south, over 920 km from east to west, and long coastline of 2000 km. Total area of 676,577 square km wide and exist between latitude 10 – 28 degrees north and longitude 92 – 101 degrees east.

History

Myanmar’s long history began when races of Mongoloid from central Asia descended to the plains in the mid – 9th century. They fled into the region of Pyus and Mons, who had already attained a higher level of civilization before 11th century. Later, King Anawrahta (1044-77) welded Myanmar into one kingdom, the first independent state, with Bagan as the capital. In 19th century, it was colonialized in the year 1885 by British imperialists and again in 1943 by Japanese fascists. The Burmese then reunited with the British to overthrow the Japanese. In early 1948, Myanmar won independence from the British Empire.

People

  • 135 ethnic groups
  • 8 Major races ( Kachin , Kayah , Kayin , Chin , Mon , Bamar , Rakhine , Shan )
  • 68% are burmans

Climate

  • Tropical climate
  • Three seasons
  • May to Nov ( 25 – 30° C )
  • Nov-Feb (20 – 24° C)
  • March-May (30 – 35° C )

About Myanmar & Map

Myanmar, formerly named as Burma, it means that quick and hard, which is rich in natural resources and cultural heritages.

Myanmar is situated as largest country and located in mainland South East Asia, Sharing borders with Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. It is between China and India to the north, Thailand and Laos on the east, Bangladesh is in the west and Southern are the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. It stretches over 2000km from north to south, over 920 km from east to west, and long coastline of 2000 km. Total area of 676,577 square km wide and exist between latitude 10 – 28 degrees north and longitude 92 – 101 degrees east.

Myanmar’s long history began when races of Mongoloid stock from central Asia descended to the plain-land in the mid – 9th century. They fled into the region of Pyus and Mons, who had already attained a higher level of civilization before 11th century. Later, King Anawrahta (1044-77) welded into one kingdom of a first independent state, Bagan as capital. In 19th century, there were colonlised in the year 1885 by British imperialist and failed again in 1943 by Japanese fascist. Myanmar people unitedly fought against these imperialists. Early 1948, Myanmar won the independence from British’s Empire.

Myanmar is a union of national races as many as 135 ethnic groups with their own languages, dialects and traditional cultures. 8 main national races of them are: Bamar, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhaine and Shan. The majority in 68% of population are Bamars and also a significant of Chinese and Indians in the country.

Myanmar has a tropical climate with three seasons, the rainy season during the south-west monsoon from mid-May to October, with temperature of 25-30 ° C, then followed by the dry cold season from November to February with temperature of 20-24 ° C. The season of hot and humid before the rain comes during the months of March to mid-May. Average temperature will be 30-35 ° C. Myanmar’s tourist attractions are combined with a simple hospitality of people make a fascinating and exotic destination in Asia.

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